5 people The harshest Throughout History (1)

1.Josef Stalin

Josif (Joseph) Stalin Vissarionovich, Vissariónovich Iosif Stalin), real name Ioseb Jughashvili, (December 21, 1879 (Gregorian calendar chronicle) - March 5, 1953) was the leader of the Soviet Union and a very cruel dictator, also known as the Man of Steel. He is thought to have ordered the murder of about 30 million inhabitants of Russia and surrounding countries. He is also known as people who hate religion. He had entered the seminary in Tbilisi, but he later became no longer believe in God after reading the book Origin of Species by Charles Darwin.

She appeared as the leader of the communist party in the Soviet Union Republican primary Sosialis.Saingan Stalin was Leon Trotsky, Leon had driven out of Russia was assassinated. By the year 1929 Stalin became head of state. He treats his rival or anyone who opposes them all cruel degan executed as Soviet state mesuh or kampkamp put him in jail. In World War II (1939-1945) Russian war with England and the United States against Germany. But after the war Stalin's "Iron Curtain installed" between Western allies and Russia and most Eastern European countries made the Communist state. Stalin was in power until her death at the age of 73 years. During his reign he was not only oversee the entire country of Russia, but also countries outside of Russia.

2.Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong (Shaoshan, Hunan, December 26, 1893 - Beijing, September 9, 1976), is the name of a prominent philosopher and founder of the People's Republic of China.

Mao and the Party
Mao Party was founded in 1921 and Mao are increasingly vocal. Between the years 1934 - 1935 he held the main role and led the Chinese Red Army undergoing "Mars Long". Then since 1937 he participated to help Dai Nippon combat troops that occupied much of China. Finally, World War II ended and civil war flared again. In the war against these nationalists, Mao became the leader of the Reds and he finally won in 1949. On October 1, 1949, proclaimed the People's Republic of China and the Chinese nationalist leader; Chiang Kai-shek fled to Taiwan.

Mao's politics and policies
Mao distinguish two types of conflict; conflict antagonists and non-antagonistic conflicts. Antagonists according to the conflict can only be solved with just a battle, while non-antagonistic conflict can be resolved by a discussion. According to Mao conflict between the workers and workers with the capitalists is an antagonistic conflict and the conflict between the Chinese people with the Party is a non-antagonistic conflict.

In 1956 Mao introduced a new policy in which intellectuals can issue their opinion as a compromise to the party who pressed for wanting to avoid the cruel oppression is accompanied by the motto: "Let a hundred flowers and a hundred thoughts develop different competitive." But ironically policy This political failure: the intellectuals are not satisfied and a lot of criticism. Mao himself thought that he had been betrayed by them and he revenge. About 700,000 members of the intelligentsia ditangkapinya and forcibly put to work in rural areas.

Mao believed in a revolution that eternal nature. He also believes that any revolution would result in the counter-revolutionary. Therefore, he regularly combat and capture what he considers his political opponents and the traitors, or the counter-revolutionary. The most dramatic event and pathetic is the heart of the Cultural Revolution of events that occurred in 1966. In the 1960s students around the world are on the happy-happy rebel against what they consider the establishment or the ruling. Similarly, in China. The difference in China they are supported by their teachers and the Party chiefs, including Mao himself. The students and faculty to establish what is called the Red Guard, a paramilitary unit. Equipped with the Red Book of Mao, their minions attacked capitalism and Western influences and the other counter-revolutionary. As an example of their fanaticism, they are among others refuse to stop on the highway when the red lights because they believe that the red color, a symbol of socialism can not interpret something that stopped. So the members of the Red Guards in 1966 this was foolhardy in combating the counter-revolutionary China in that country is very precarious situation, and almost destroyed; ekonominyapun no way. Finally, Mao had to lower the People's Liberation Army to overcome them and curb their fanaticism. The result is a new civil war ended in 1968.

G-30-S PKI and the involvement of Mao
Chinese Cultural Revolution period also coincided with periods of rebellion G-30-S PKI in Indonesia where some quarters in Indonesia has accused the people of the People's Republic of China as behind it. Mao denied it and the relationship between Indonesia and China previously become very cold warm up resumed diplomatic relations in 1990, long after Mao died.

Failure Mao
In 1958 Mao launched what he called the Great Leap Forward in which the rural areas completely reorganized. Everywhere established village associations (communes). Economically it is all failed. These communes into units that are too large and can not terurusi. It is estimated that approximately 20 million people nearly the population of China at that time died in vain

3.Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 - April 30, 1945) was Chancellor of Germany from 1933 and Führer (Leader) (Third Reich) Germany since 1934 until he died. On August 2, 1934, he became dictator of Germany after President von Hindenburg died. He unites the chancellor and the presidents office became a Nazi Führer as well as making a single party in Germany. He is also a Chairman of the Nationalist-Socialist Party (National Socialist Germany Workers Party or NSDAP / ind), known as the Nazis. Nazi officially disbanded after the German defeat in World War II because Hitler dictatorship system. Hitler was a charismatic orator, Hitler is one of the most influential leaders in World War II dunia.Ketika will end, Hitler committed suicide in an underground bunker in Berlin was with his wife whom he married not long ago in the bunker, Eva Braun.

Hitler then directly involved in politics and take charge of the German Workers' Party (German: Deutsche Arbeiterpartei / DAP) in July 1921. Hitler used berpidatonya permissibility to be party chairman. He then switched the name of DAP became the NSDAP (NSDAP) or Nazi.Pada party NSDAP in 1929 became the winner of a majority in elections in the town of Coburg, and then won the regional elections Thuringia. President of the German period, Paul von Hindenburg finally installed Hitler as Chancellor.

Hitler and Darwin's theory
Darwin's theory has entered the minds of Hitler, and even penetrate to the bone marrow. This is very felt in his book Mein Kampf (Struggle). He likened the non-European races as an ape.

From inside her grow 'power' is inspired by Darwin's theory that in order to sustain human life must be fought. He translated his dreams by attacking Austria, Czechoslovakia, France, Russia, etc.. In fact, occurred over the whole world of lust. He launch the concept of Eugenics is the foundation footing the evolutionist view of the Nazis. Eugenics means 'improving' the human race by removing the diseased and the disabled and multiply healthy individuals. Therefore, according to that theory, the human race can be improved by mimicking the way a good quality of animals produced through perkimpoian healthy animals. Meanwhile, disabled and diseased animals were destroyed.

Not long after coming to power, Hitler's theories with an iron hand. People are mentally weak, disabled, and diseased offspring collected in 'sterilization center' special. Since it is considered parasites that threaten the purity of the German people and hinder the progress of evolution, then the top secret orders, in a short time they were all slashed.

Still in the euphoria of the theory of evolution and Eugenics, the Nazis appealed to young people, blue-eyed blond who is believed to represent a pure German race let me have sex without being married. In 1935, Hitler ordered the establishment of specialized fields of human reproduction. In it lived the young women who have Aryan race. The SS (Schutzstaffel) often stopped there on the pretext for sordid Eugenics. The babies born then prepared to be future soldiers 'German Empire'. According to Charles Darwin, because the larger size of human skull while climbing the evolutionary ladder, then across Germany carried out measurements of the skull for the Germans proved bigger than other races. They are not the official size, as well as the teeth, eyes, and hair outside the direct evolutionary criteria eliminated.

World War II and the Fall
In September 1939, Hitler invaded Poland with the blitzkrieg tactics of attack (ground attack, air crash) achieved a surprising triumph of the enemy and his own generals. The attack on Poland led to his enemies England and France declared war on Germany, that began with World War II.

During World War II, the British led by Sir Winston Churchill who replaced Arthur Neville Chamberlain who fell due to the scandal of Nazi invasion of Poland in 1939, France led by General Gamelin who was appointed as the supreme allied command failed to stop the German blitzkrieg into Belgium and France, the French eventually led by General Charles de Gaulle who led the French resistance during the Vichy Government, and United States aid, led General Eisenhower as the theater commander in Europe even before the United States are reluctant to engage in a war that had been considered as a European war.

After a long fight and after a defeat in every field of battle, Hitler realized that defeat is inevitable. Hitler's defeat was the beginning of time pounding the city with the Soviet Kursk Operation Citadel, the German forces consisted of 800,000 infantry, armored tanks 2700, and 2000 fighters led by General Erich Von Manstein and General Walther Models and the power of the Soviet Union consisted of infantry 1,300,000 , 3600 tanks, 2400 combat aircraft. The plan of this attack has been known in detail by the Soviet intelligence residing in Switzerland. Stalin had directly ordered the army to build a strong defense in the Kursk region. In this battle a lot of tanks - tanks mainstay Germany and the Soviet Union collapsed, including Tiger Tank, Panther, Elefant (Germany) and Tank T-34, -152 SU, and KV -1. Germany suffered fatal blow at Stalingrad and the Allied attack on Normandy punch and failed in the Ardennes Offensive, which conducted a counterattack or Wehrmacht German soldiers and several panzer divisions led by Generals remaining Mantauffel during winter to reclaim the city of Antwerp in Belgium. The attack took place in a stumbling - seok and end failed because of lack of logistics and supply fuel for the German Panzer panzer so many are still "Fresh from the Oven" like Tiger and Panther tanks sitting on the sidewalk because the notice runs out solar.Hitler downfall was by then married his mistress Eva Braun and then committed suicide together on April 30, 1945. His body was burned so as not to fall into enemy hands

4.Vladimir Lenin

Vladimir Illich Lenin, original name was Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (April 10, (22 April according the Gregorian calendar chronicle) 1870 - January 21, 1924), was a Russian Communist revolutionary, leader of the Bolshevik party, Prime Minister of the Soviet Union and the creator of the first Leninisme.Nama understand Lenin is actually a pseudonym and is taken from the name of the river Lena, in Siberia.

Development became a Revolutionary
Meanwhile, while working as a lawyer in St. Petersburg, he began to know the works of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Since the work of Marxism banned in Russia, Leninpun arrested and jailed for a year. Then he was banished to Siberia. While in prison, even Lenin showed his talent by beating the other inmates in a game of chess. In July 1898, was still in Siberia, Lenin married a woman named Nadezhda Krupskaya socialist. In 1899, he wrote a book about the development of Capitalism in Russia. In 1900, he was allowed home from Siberia. Then she traveled around Europe and visit the Marxist conferences.

In 1903 Lenin was arguing with the officials of the Social-Democratic and Labor parties on the structure of Russia. Martov an administrator wants a rather loose structure and autonomous, while Lenin wanted a centralized structure. Then the party was split into two. The people called the Bolsheviks of Lenin, which means the majority and those of Julius Martov called the Mensheviks, which means the minority.

Russian Revolution
In February 1917, in connection with the great Russian defeat in World War I, the Tsar Nicholas II was forced to abdicate. Then formed a cabinet led by Alexander Kerensky. Then Lenin on 16 April 1917 back to Petrograd, the name of the city of Saint Petersburg has a di'Rusia'.

Then in July, Lenin tried to have a revolt of the workers. But the uprising failed, and Lenin escaped to Finland. In October he returned again and tried to hold the October Revolution. At this time he succeeded, hence on 7 November 1917 according to the Gregorian calendar or a chronicle October 25, according to Julian calendar chronicle, Kerensky revolution succeeded and forced to flee diri.Pada dated August 30, 1918, Lenin was shot by Fanya Kaplan, a revolutionary woman too, three times. Kaplan thinks Lenin had betrayed the Russian Revolution. Lenin survived but his health began to decline and finally he died on January 21, 1924 after a stroke four times.

5.Idi Amin

General Idi Amin Dada Oumee (Koboko, Uganda, circa 1925-Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, August 16, 2003), which is also known by the name of Idi Amin, is a leader in the Ugandan military dictator who ruled on January 25, 1971 - April 13, 1979.

As soon as Idi Amin in power, Uganda became the most famous countries in the international world. In August 1972, all the Asian countries berwarga English (60,000 people) were given ninety days to lift the foot from Uganda. This is not because of racism, but because he wanted to give "real independence for the people of Uganda". The frenzy of course English, which his officials hurriedly contacted Australia, New Zealand, and countries in other British Commonwealth to discuss shelters, especially Kenya and Tanzania refused to give shelter to the refugees. Ten days later set additional rules that foreigners who have become citizens of Uganda must leave Uganda. Number approximately 23,000 inhabitants. Of course citizens of foreign descent who was born in Uganda confusion. If they go, their status is stateless (stateless). In addition, India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh (their home countries) refused to accept their return. Coupled with policy nasionalisasai owned companies European people in Uganda. Idi Amin was really "sweat a lot of people".

As a result of this decision, there is severe economic crisis in Uganda. Approximately 90% of trade and industry controlled by the people of Asia. Uganda People are still very traditional agrarian and less skill, capital, and skills. In fact, the expulsion of Asians plan was planned by Milton Obote because of perceived Uganda's economy too gripping, but still a five-year target, with the reason to prepare people of Uganda.

Government of Uganda in such a mess that the UN International Law Commission to report to the UN secretary general at the time, Kurt Waldheim on June 7, 1974, which read: "Uganda is a country without law". One of the top of the crisis was asked Finance Minister Emmanuel suakanya to England because Wakheya not stand against the economic decisions taken by the government of Idi Amin's military regime.

In early 1977, William Johnshon write a daily report to the Bangkok Post that read: "After four years in power, Idi Amin, has changed the lives of poor Uganda. Uganda exporting country used to tea and coffee, but because of administrative systems and poor transportation, hundreds of bags of coffee sitting in warehouses waiting for export, semetara tens of thousands of tons of smuggled to Kenya. Uganda used as one of the most fertile land in Africa, agriculture is now so scarce until the town to plant sugar cane and bananas. soap, sugar, and wheat were treated like gold so rare. While in rural areas so abundant harvests, the urban population can not enjoy the results. Five years ago, operates 298 buses that run the government, now only 11 are still the way. "In April 1979, Idi Amin had been deposed by nationalist forces who assisted Tanzania Uganda. Previous Idi Amin with the help of Libya trying to attack the Kagera, the northern province of Tanzania.

Idi Amin fled eventually flew to Libya which then requested asylum in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia and settled there. According to him, the death rate 100,000 to 300,000 people who were killed dianiya and due to errors of intelligence. Even the National Research Bureau threatened to kill him. According to Amin, a lot of bad things that are hidden when he was in power. When he knew the existence of the firm, it was too late.

However, during the Amin has not fallen, David Martin in his article in the South China Morning Post revealed how Idi Amin know football oknumnya rogue actions. He pleaded not want to be president, who asked tentaranyalah, but about the expulsion of Asians he says, "They are too powerful and mocked our people".

Idi Amin had four wives. His first wife was Sarah or Mama Malian who married in 1958, the second Kay, Norah third, fourth and Medina, whom he married in 1971. In early 1974 he divorced his first wife three so stay Medina. On August 1, 1975, he married Sarah, a daredevil driver troops Uganda Army. Four months later, he married the daughter of a businessman Babirye Uganda. Idi Amin's time already had 34 people anak.Pada dated July 20, 2003, before his death at the King Faisal Hospital in Jeddah, she pleaded to President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda Idi Amin to be buried in his country, but this request was rejected. Idi Amin died in Saudi Arabia on August 16, 2003 and was buried in Jeddah.

On August 17, 2003, David Owen said in an interview by BBC Radio that when he served as secretary British Foreign Ministry (1977-1979), he was ordered killed by Idi Amin's regime to end terorya. Proposal was rejected, but the reason Owen was Idi Amin's regime is bad, very horrible when he left in power too long.

Related Posts by Categories

what is new today